THEMATIC STRUCTURES AND THEMATIC PROGRESSIONS ON STUDENTS’ SPEECHES (A Study on Speeches of the 3 rd Semester Students of English Department, Semarang State University in the Academic Year 2014/2015)

Bagus Dwi Pambudi, 2201411091 (2015) THEMATIC STRUCTURES AND THEMATIC PROGRESSIONS ON STUDENTS’ SPEECHES (A Study on Speeches of the 3 rd Semester Students of English Department, Semarang State University in the Academic Year 2014/2015). Under Graduates thesis, UNIVERSITAS NEGERI SEMARANG.

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    Abstract

    This study investigates the Thematic structures and Thematic progressions of the 3 rd semester students‟ speeches. The analyses intend to figure out what Thematic structures are displayed and what Thematic progressions are employed in the students‟ speeches. Thematic structures display what kind of starting point (Theme) comes in the beginning of a clause and what is the remainder of the clause (Rheme). Thematic progressions portray how ideas in the text are developed and related. This study used qualitative descriptive method, and some quantitative approaches are also employed to enhance the depth of results. The units of analyses of this study were clauses in the 3 rd semester students‟ speeches taken from the final test of Speaking for Genaral Purposes course. There were 2 different classes, and purposeful random sampling was use to randomly choose 3 speeches for each class. The results of the analyses show that unmarked topical Theme is dominantly used in the speeches rather than marked one. This happens as the speeches contain declarative clauses which put subject in the beginning, and only a few of them use adverbial or prepositional phrase as the Theme. Modal adjunct as interpersonal Theme is also found in the speeches to show the speaker‟s judgment. Other constituents of interpersonal Theme such as vocative and finite are used, as well. The speeches allow some vocatives to address the audience, and some finites are used in interrogative clauses. In addition, textual Theme constituents such as structural and conjunctive adjunct are employed to relate one clause to another or a clause to preceding text. Some continuatives, as a spoken text features, are used to signal a new move is made. The study also shows that the students employ both re-iteration (constant) and zigzag (linear) patterns in the speeches. Re-iteration pattern is considered as the easiest way to keep the text focused. Zigzag pattern is commonly used in relative clauses which replace subject. Multiple (split) pattern is never found in the speeches even though there are some possible clauses employing this pattern. However, there are still many clauses which do not employ any pattern.

    Item Type: Thesis (Under Graduates)
    Uncontrolled Keywords: Students’ Speeches, Textual Meaning, Theme, Rheme, Thematic Structure, Thematic Progression.
    Subjects: P Language and Literature > PE English
    Fakultas: Fakultas Bahasa dan Seni > Pendidikan Bahasa Inggris (S1)
    Depositing User: sumarsono mahasiswa unnes
    Date Deposited: 10 Nov 2015 08:51
    Last Modified: 10 Nov 2015 08:51

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