A CONTRASTIVE ANALYSIS OF ENGLISH AND JAVANESE COMPOUND WORD CONSTRUCTIONS

Fransiska Endah Widyasari, 2201411065 (2015) A CONTRASTIVE ANALYSIS OF ENGLISH AND JAVANESE COMPOUND WORD CONSTRUCTIONS. Under Graduates thesis, UNIVERSITAS NEGERI SEMARANG.

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    Abstract

    This study is an attempt to analyze the English and Javanese languages which focuses on the compound words in relation to their constructions in both languages. The data of this study were taken from compound words consisting of two constituents found in “Time” English magazine and “PanjebarSemangat” Javanese magazine, both were published in May 2014. The data were taken by using random sampling. It is a library research, in which by using contrastive analysis the data were then analyzed. In order to achieve the main purpose of contrastive analysis, the similarities and differences between English and Javanese compound word constructions were analyzed by using Lado‟s theory (1957). In this study, there are classifications of the data. They are based on the classes of the elements, the relation of the elements, and the contrasts of English and Javanese compound words constructions. The findings show that there are fourteen (14) constructions of English compound words based on classes of the elements while Javanese compound word only has nine (9) constructions. They have similarity in form of the construction. Both of them have the same constructions which constructed from eight (8) constructions; Noun + Noun, Adjective + Adjective, Adjective + Noun, Noun + Adjective, Verb + Noun, Noun + Verb, Verb + Adjective, and Adjective + Adverb. The difference of English and Javanese compound word constructions is on its structure. The English compound word does not have structure like Javanese which has TembungCamboranTugel, e.g. budhe (ibu + gedhe) as realization of imperfect compounding. In English we recognize that pattern not as compound word, but as one of word formation processes named “blending” e.g. smog (smoke + fog). In addition, Javanese compound word does not have construction like English, e.g. Adjective + Verb, Adverb + Noun, Adverb + Verb, Noun + Adverb, Verb + Adverb, and Adverb + Adverb. The findings of this study can be used as the guidance for the teachers to decide proper techniques to teach compound words with correct structure and constructions by knowing the point of learning difficulty first.

    Item Type: Thesis (Under Graduates)
    Uncontrolled Keywords: compound words, the English language, the Javanese language, contrastive analysis
    Subjects: P Language and Literature > PE English
    Fakultas: Fakultas Bahasa dan Seni > Pendidikan Bahasa Inggris (S1)
    Depositing User: sumarsono mahasiswa unnes
    Date Deposited: 10 Nov 2015 07:39
    Last Modified: 10 Nov 2015 07:39

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