GRAMMATICAL ERRORS ON THE STUDENTS‟ MONOLOGUE SPEAKING TEST (The Case of Spoken Descriptive Texts Produced by the Seventh Grade Students of Muntilan State Junior High School 1)

Ela Julaeha, 2201411033 (2015) GRAMMATICAL ERRORS ON THE STUDENTS‟ MONOLOGUE SPEAKING TEST (The Case of Spoken Descriptive Texts Produced by the Seventh Grade Students of Muntilan State Junior High School 1). Under Graduates thesis, UNIVERSITAS NEGERI SEMARANG.

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    Abstract

    This study is motivated by the fact that the primary goal of teaching and learning English is communicative competence.One of the components to form communicative competence is linguistic competence. That competence refersto creating grammatical sentences, good pronounciation, or having many vocabularies. In speaking, the speaker should correctly use grammar in order to make the audience understand what the speaker says. One of the biggest problems for Indonesian students in learning English is how to speak English fluently and grammatically.Actually, making errors is normal for learners especially in learning English, but we should minimize the errors. After the speakers know their errors, they can upgrade their speaking skill. This study was focused on grammatical errors. Itanalyzed the grammatical errors on monologue students‘ speaking test. This case study was conducted at Muntilan State Junior High School 1. The participants of the study werestudents of 7F class Academic Year 2014/2015. Audio and video recording were used to collect data. The analysis of the data was done based on the combaination of Ellis‘s teory, Richard‘s teory and Standard English Grammar.According to Ellis‘s theory, the steps to conduct error analysis are (1) Collection of samplesof learner language; (2) Identification of errors; (3) Classification of errors; (4) Explanation of errors; and (5) Evaluation of errors. The results showed that there were 2 errors in the use of word formation which consisted of error in making ―derived word adjective to adverb‖ and one error in making ―derived word noun to adjective‖. Furthermore, there were106 errors in the use of phrase construction. The students made errors in the use of noun phrase form occured 81 times, the incorrect use of to infinitive phrase form occured 4 times, the incorrect use of gerund phraseoccured 15 times, the incorrect prepositional phrase occured 3 times, and the last, 3 errors are classified as incorrect use of –ing and –ed phrase form. In addition, there were 136 errors in the use of sentence construction. The students made 22 errors in making sentence pattern 2,13 errors in making sentence pattern 3, 6 errors in making sentence pattern 4, 4 errors in making sentence pattern 5, 82 errors in making subject – verb agreement, 2 errors in making yes / no question, 3 errors in making information question, 2 errors in making compound sentence and 1 error in making word order.The most frequenterrors was the error in the use of sentence construction which reached 55.74 %.Therfore, The students should learn and practise more to encourage themselves in using correct grammar especially in speaking. The English teachers should give the students‘ experience in practicing speaking and help the students to solve thier errors without climing them to speak fluently and grammatically.

    Item Type: Thesis (Under Graduates)
    Uncontrolled Keywords: error analysis, grammatical errors, monologue speaking
    Subjects: P Language and Literature > PE English
    Fakultas: Fakultas Bahasa dan Seni > Pendidikan Bahasa Inggris (S1)
    Depositing User: sumarsono mahasiswa unnes
    Date Deposited: 10 Nov 2015 05:07
    Last Modified: 10 Nov 2015 05:07

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