Synthesis of Silica Powder from Sugar Cane Bagasse Ash and Its Application as Adsorbent in Adsorptive-distillation of Ethanol-water Solution


Dewi Selvia Fardhyanti, - (2018) Synthesis of Silica Powder from Sugar Cane Bagasse Ash and Its Application as Adsorbent in Adsorptive-distillation of Ethanol-water Solution. MATEC Web of Conferences, 237. pp. 1-6. ISSN 2261-236X

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Abstract

In this study, sugarcane bagasse ash (SCBA) as waste from sugarcane factory was extracted into silica powder. This powder was then used as adsorbent for ethanol purification. Prior to used, the SCBA was washed using HCl solution. The silica extraction was conducted using various NaOH concentrations (0.5; 1; 1.5 and 2 mol/L) as well as extraction times (30, 60 and 90 minutes). After that the mixture was precipitated using HCl solution. The solution was filtrated through a paper filter and its solid particle was dried until its weight was constant. The particle was grounded and sieved using 18 mesh sieves. The silica powder obtained was analysed using FTIR and its result showed that the powder has silica functional groups. The silica yield increases with increasing of concentration of NaOH solution as well as extraction time. The highest silica yield (45.5% w/w) was achieved at 2 mol/L NaOH solution at 90 min. The surface area, pore diameter, and pore volume of silica powder were measured to be 407 m2 /g, 3.81Å, and 2.76 dm3 /g, respectively. From application of silica powder as adsorbent in adsorptive-distillation, ethanol concentration can reach 99.3% w/w which indicates azeotropic point can be passed.

Item Type: Article
Subjects: Q Science > Q Science (General)
Q Science > QD Chemistry > Shynthesis
T Technology > TP Chemical technology
Fakultas: Fakultas Teknik > Teknik Kimia, S1
Depositing User: dina nurcahyani perpus
Date Deposited: 23 Mar 2021 06:20
Last Modified: 23 Mar 2021 06:23
URI: http://lib.unnes.ac.id/id/eprint/43478

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