CONVERSATIONAL STRUCTURE OF NON-NATIVE SPEAKERS OF ENGLISH

SHUFI ANNISA RAHMAH , 2201411119 (2016) CONVERSATIONAL STRUCTURE OF NON-NATIVE SPEAKERS OF ENGLISH. Under Graduates thesis, Universitas Negeri Semarang.

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    Abstract

    A number of experts coming from different fields, such us sociology, psychology and linguistic, who are interested in conversational analysis. Following their steps, I analyzed the conversational structure of non-native speaker of English. The aspects I examined were opening, closing, adjacency pairs, turn-taking allocation, and repair strategies. A couple of of English department students (classmate; both of them are female) at UNNES were used as the participants. The participants‘ conversation was intentionally recorded. However there was no prescribed topic for the conversation so they could talk about everything in naturally occured conversation atmosphere. Following the theories of Schegloff and Sack‘s, the data of this descriptive qualitative study were classified into three rules (R1, R2 and R3) of turn-taking allocation namely R1: current-select-next, R2: next speaker self-selects, and R3: no-current-speakerselect- next & no-next-speaker-self-selects; and four strategies of conversational repair: self-initiated self-repair, other-initiated self-repair, self-initiated otherrepair, and other-initiated other-repair. Meanwhile, the opening, the closing, and the adjacency pairs were described according to what was found on the conversation. I collected the data by recording and transcribing the participants‘ talk. The data were analyzed through the following steps: (1) choosing the data, (2) identifying, (3) classifying (4) tabulating, and then (5) reporting the data. There were 141 turn-takings, sixty-five of which are R1, sixty-six of which are R2 and ten of which are R3. There were seventy-one adjacency pairs: greetinggreeting three pairs, question-answers fourty-three pairs, information-response four pairs, advice-accpetance one pair, assertion-agreement ten pairs, requestgrant/ acceptance four pairs, statement-confirmation four pairs, thank-return one pair, farewell-farewell one pair. Then, out of sixty-nine repairs found, there were sixty-six of self-initiated self-repair; two of self-initiated other-repair; one of other-initiated self-repair; and none of other-initiated other-repair.The participantsalso opened and closed their conversation appropriately. Based on the findings, the participants were already capable ofcounstructing awell-organized conversation so that their conversation was considered as successful since the messages delivered by the speakers are received well by the interlocutors without any misunderstandings.

    Item Type: Thesis (Under Graduates)
    Uncontrolled Keywords: conversation analysis, conversational structure, opening, closing, adjacency pairs, turn-taking, repair.
    Subjects: P Language and Literature > PE English
    Fakultas: Fakultas Bahasa dan Seni > Pendidikan Bahasa Inggris (S1)
    Depositing User: pkl7 tik 2017
    Date Deposited: 16 Mar 2017 12:32
    Last Modified: 16 Mar 2017 12:32

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