COMPARISON OF PERSUASIVE STRATEGIES USED BY DEBATERS OF SENIOR HIGH SCHOOL STUDENTS AND UNIVERSITY STUDENTS (Final Round of ADC 2014 and JOVED 2014)

Andarini Handayani, 2201410044 (2015) COMPARISON OF PERSUASIVE STRATEGIES USED BY DEBATERS OF SENIOR HIGH SCHOOL STUDENTS AND UNIVERSITY STUDENTS (Final Round of ADC 2014 and JOVED 2014). Under Graduates thesis, UNIVERSITAS NEGERI SEMARANG.

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    Abstract

    Realizing that communication can be as a tool to persuade other people, improving communication to gain that purpose can be considered important for debaters especially. During this decade, debate competition has been developed by government and other institutions. Some precious debate competitions among students are ADC and JOVED. ADC (Australasian Debate Championship) represents High School debaters. JOVED (Java Overland Varsity English Debate) represents University students. This study is aimed at (1) identifying the type of persuasive strategies used by the debaters in the final round of ADC 2014 and JOVED 2014; (2) describing and comparing the persuasive strategies between debaters of ADC and JOVED. The data were taken by audiotaping the final round speeches, then, they were transcripted into written form. The transcripts were classified based on the persuasive strategies proposed by Hart (1983). Each of the data that has been classified is called SAU (Sub Argumentative Unit). The results of the study show differences in the form of type of persuasive strategies and its frequency usage. There were 13 out of 16 types of persuasive strategies that were used in ADC and JOVED final round 2014. The types that were used are Inclusion, Maximization, Minimization, Association, Disassociation, Simplification, Unification, Gradualism, Projection, Idealization, Legitimation, Self-Deprecating, and Apprehension. From all of strategies, debaters of ADC used 12 strategies; they are Inclusion, Maximization, Minimization, Association, Disassociation, Simplification, Gradualism, Projection, Idealization, Legitimation, Self Deprecating, and Apprehension. However, debaters of JOVED used only 10 types of persuasive strategies. Comparing to ADC, debaters of JOVED did not use Inclusion, Self-Deprecating and Apprehension. In the other hand, Unification was used by JOVED debaters but was not used by ADC debaters. Persuasive strategy that has the biggest magnitude in ADC is Projection while in JOVED is Minimization. There are 76 SAUs produced by debaters of ADC, and 128 SAUs produced by debaters of JOVED. Based on the results of research, it can be concluded that there is difference of persuasive strategies used by both level of debaters. Careful generalization has to be taken because this study only takes 2 sample of round.

    Item Type: Thesis (Under Graduates)
    Uncontrolled Keywords: Persuasive Strategies, ADC, JOVED.
    Subjects: P Language and Literature > PE English
    Fakultas: Fakultas Bahasa dan Seni > Pendidikan Bahasa Inggris (S1)
    Depositing User: sumarsono mahasiswa unnes
    Date Deposited: 09 Nov 2015 19:46
    Last Modified: 09 Nov 2015 19:46

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