GAMBITS USED BY THE ENGLISH DEPARTMENT AND NON ENGLISH DEPARTMENT STUDENTS (A COMPARATIVE STUDY)

Endang Yuliani Rahayu, 22015009 (2006) GAMBITS USED BY THE ENGLISH DEPARTMENT AND NON ENGLISH DEPARTMENT STUDENTS (A COMPARATIVE STUDY). Masters thesis, Universitas Negeri Semarang.

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    Abstract

    This study is aimed at comparing gambits usage. In detail, it is about Gambits Used by the English and Non English Department Students – A Comparative Study. This study was carried out in order to answer the research questions : what are the differences of gambits used by the English and Non English department students ? which group use more gambits in their conversations? And what are the frequently used gambits? This study was conducted in Stikubank University both in the English Department and in the Non English Department. Furthermore, the subjects of this study were the students from the above faculties mainly those who were in the fourth semester. There are twelve students used as the subjects of this thesis. The data are in form of the recorded conversations of six pairs of the students. Hence, the data which were collected by recording their casual conversations, were classified into qualitative data. The data which were collected in three months were then analyzed qualitatively, referring to the gambits as suggested by both Keller and Edmonsond/ House. The simple quantitative procedure was also applied in order to find the frequency on using the gambits. As this study is also proposed to find out the students’ naturalness in conversation, then the writer asked one student outside the subjects of the study to help her in collecting the data. The process of collecting data was not an easy thing to do, because this study requires such a natural English conversation. The data should be recorded without their awareness in order to achieve a natural situation. There should be conformity of time between the subjects of this study and data collector. Regarding their uses of gambits in conversation, the writer finds that the students from both departments are familiar with some gambits expressions such as “actually”, “OK”, “well”,” any way”,”. The English Department students use gambits expressions more frequently than those students from the Non English Department. In general the English and the Non English Department students have spoken naturally through the conversation made with their partners. There is also a tendency that the students from the English Department are more productive and use more complex arguments or complex turns in their conversation than those from Non English Department. This reason leads them on using the linking gambits more frequently. xi Referring to Keller’s gambit, the writer finds that the opening gambits are the most frequently used in conversation by students from both the English Department and Non English Department. Furthermore, the English Department students use the linking gambits more frequently since they always want to develop their idea in conversation through their argument in each move. In addition to this, the English Department students also use more responding gambit in their conversation. Both English Department and Non English Department students also use the gambits as suggested by House/Edmonsond: the starter, uptaker, cajoler, clarifier, and appealer for few times. Among those gambits, the expression “OK” and “well” are widely used by the students. Referring to Celcea Murcia’s communicative competence, it is obvious that the application of gambits in communication is considered as applying strategy competence in communication.

    Item Type: Thesis (Masters)
    Uncontrolled Keywords: GAMBITS USED BY THE ENGLISH DEPARTMENT AND NON ENGLISH DEPARTMENT STUDENTS (A COMPARATIVE STUDY)
    Subjects: P Language and Literature > PE English
    Fakultas: Pasca Sarjana > Pendidikan Bahasa Inggris, S2
    Depositing User: Retma IF Perpustakaan Unnes
    Date Deposited: 09 May 2013 23:40
    Last Modified: 20 May 2013 21:35

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